The Speed of Light


It was not until man began to explore the universe with telescopes that he began to consider the question of the speed of light. In the early seventeenth century, the famous Italian scientist, Galileo, first attempted to measure the speed of light, unsuccessfully. But, about fifty years later, the Danish astronomer, Ole Römer, in 1676, measured the speed of light by observing one of the eleven moons of the planet Jupiter.

He assumed that light, like sound, traveled at a specific speed. It was known that the moons of Jupiter travel at a set speed around the planet and that it would take one of the moons 42½ hours to revolve around Jupiter. Or in other words, that every 42½ hours it would be eclipsed by (disappear behind) the planet. He could make a time schedule of the eclipses for the entire year. But he had made his observation in June when Jupiter is nearest to Earth. And he found out in December, when Jupiter is farthest from Earth, that his schedule was off by 1000 seconds (his schedule was 1000 seconds behind in December). Römer knew that the distance across the orbit of the Earth, round the sun was 186,000,000 miles. He explained his schedule being off 1000 seconds by concluding that it took the light 1000 seconds to travel 186 million miles or 186,000 miles per second. At that speed, if light could bend around the earth it would circle that planet 7½ times in one second.



Römer’s observation and measurements were correct. It was the interpretation of the data that was wrong. If he had the equation AC: BC = AD: BE, he would have found that the constant in the equation was Jupiter and its eclipsing moon. Then, he would see that when Earth measured 42 ½ hours in June, the planet was closer to the constant being used than its location in December. As I have already shown, the hours can be converted into length in miles, since the Earth was in motion at a steady speed. Then the 1000 seconds difference is exactly the difference in length between BE in June and AD in December. The figure of 186million miles is irrelevant. If that figure was found to be incorrect – as I have shown in the Sun dimensions, it would not alter the length as a ratio of time in June/time in December. It is the length of time that creates the angle BCE – and by extension ACD. The longer distance in December is exactly 1000 seconds, which means the light arrived instantly.  

All civilizations have associated light with their concept of God. Dark, by contrast, was, by the absence of light, associated with ignorance, Evil, and the Devil. Then, in the 1600’s, a Danish astronomer thought he had discovered the speed of light. Five hundred years ago, the universe was a comparatively small place by today’s standard. But appropriately there is a scientific consensus on there being more dark matter than light. Even in the 21st century, humans do not find it curious that the speed of light should be related to the assumed distance between the sun and our planet, Earth. As the darkness is lifted, we will see that light is correctly, our concept of God. “I am” = Alpha and Omega: the first and the last. Or, to put it another way: for something to be the fastest imaginable speed, it would have to be everywhere and everywhen at once. And for something to be the slowest measure, the moment ‘Now’ would have to be everywhere and everywhen simultaneously.


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